Progesterone increases the production of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-2 in rabbit uterine cervical fibroblasts.
Imada K., Ito A., Itoh Y., Nagase H., Mori Y.
Rabbit uterine cervical fibroblasts in culture produces tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP)-1 and TIMP-2. When cells were treated with physiological concentrations of progesterone, the production of two TIMPs increased, and essentially all TIMP-2 was found to be complexed with promatrix metalloproteinase 2 (proMMP-2)/progelatinase A. Progesterone did not modulate the production of proMMP-2 and resulted in the increased total amount of proMMP-2-TIMP-2 complex. These observations provide the first evidence that progesterone participates in maintaining the homeostasis of connective tissue matrix in uterine cervix by augmenting both TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 production along with the known suppressive effects on the proMMP-1 and proMMP-3 production.