Foam gratings as an alternative to customized acoustic lenses
Richards LA., Stride E., Cleveland RO.
This article describes a method of manipulating acoustic fields using transmission through foam gratings. The approach is investigated with an analytical model, a numerical model simulating full wave ultrasound propagation through the gratings, and experimental measurements. A grating is demonstrated that mimics a conventional ultrasound lens, modulating the phase of transmitted ultrasound while maximizing the transmitted amplitude. The performance of a foam grating is compared to a lens made of polydimethylsiloxane or three-dimensional printed resin. Using two gratings, independent control of amplitude and phase is demonstrated, with increased insertion loss. The primary advantages of this technique over conventional lenses are very rapid manufacture (<30 min), high repeatability due to the simplicity of manufacture, and the ability to control the amplitude of the transmitted ultrasound. Potential applications include generation of complex ultrasound fields for patient specific treatments in ultrasound therapy.