Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

In positron emission tomography (PET) imaging, accurate clinical assessment is often affected by the partial volume effect (PVE) leading to overestimation (spill-in) or underestimation (spill-out) of activity in various small regions. The spill-in correction, in particular, can be very challenging when the target region is close to a hot background region. Therefore, this study evaluates and compares the performance of various recently developed spill-in correction techniques, namely: background correction (BC), local projection (LP), and hybrid kernelized (HKEM) methods. We used a simulated digital phantom and [18F]-NaF PET data of three patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) acquired with Siemens Biograph mMR™ and mCT™ scanners respectively. Region of Interest (ROI) analysis was performed and the extracted SUV mean , SUV max and target-to-background ratio (TBR) scores were compared. Results showed substantial spill-in effects from hot regions to targeted regions, which are more prominent in small structures. The phantom experiment demonstrated the feasibility of spill-in correction with all methods. For the patient data, large differences in SUV mean , SUV max and TBR max scores were observed between the ROIs drawn over the entire aneurysm and ROIs excluding some regions close to the bone. Overall, BC yielded the best performance in spill-in correction in both phantom and patient studies.

Original publication




Journal article


Ieee trans radiat plasma med sci

Publication Date





422 - 432


PET, PVE, SPECT, quantification, spill-in effect