The SSTARS (STeroids and Stents Against Re-Stenosis) Trial: Different stent alloys and the use of peri-procedural oral corticosteroids to prevent in-segment restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention.
Adam Z., Turley A., Mason JM., Kasim AS., Newby D., Mills N., Padfield G., Thompson L., Morley R., Hall JA., Wright RA., Muir DF., Sutton AGC., Swanson N., Carter J., Bilous R., Jones S., de Belder MA.
BACKGROUND: Stent design and technological modifications to allow for anti-proliferative drug elution influence restenosis rates following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We aimed to investigate whether peri-procedural administration of corticosteroids or the use of thinner strut cobalt alloy stents would reduce rates of binary angiographic restenosis (BAR) after PCI. METHODS: This was a two centre, mixed single and double blinded, randomised controlled trial using a factorial design. We compared (a) the use of prednisolone to placebo, starting at least six hours pre-PCI and continued for 28days post-PCI, and (b) cobalt chromium (CoCr) to stainless steel (SS) alloy stents, in patients admitted for PCI. The primary end-point was BAR at six months. RESULTS: 315 patients (359 lesions) were randomly assigned to either placebo (n=145) or prednisolone (n=170) and SS (n=160) or CoCr (n=160). The majority (58%) presented with an ACS, 11% had diabetes and 287 (91%) completed angiographic follow up. BAR occurred in 26 cases in the placebo group (19.7%) versus 31 cases in the prednisolone group (20.0%) respectively, p=1.00. For the comparison between SS and CoCr stents, BAR occurred in 32 patients (21.6%) versus 25 patients (18.0%) respectively, p=0.46. CONCLUSION: Our study showed that treating patients with a moderately high dose of prednisolone for 28days following PCI with BMS did not reduce the incidence of BAR. In addition, we showed no significant reduction in 6month restenosis rates with stents composed of CoCr alloy compared to SS (http://www.isrctn.com/ISRCTN05886349).