The second dimer interface of MT1-MMP, the transmembrane domain, is essential for ProMMP-2 activation on the cell surface.
Itoh Y., Ito N., Nagase H., Seiki M.
Activation of proMMP-2 and cell surface collagenolysis are important activities of membrane-type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) to promote cell migration in tissue, and these activities are regulated by homodimerization of MT1-MMP on the cell surface. In this study, we have identified the transmembrane domain as a second dimer interface of MT1-MMP in addition to the previously identified hemopexin domain. Our analyses indicate that these two modes of dimerization have different roles; transmembrane-dependent dimerization is critical for proMMP-2 activation, whereas hemopexin-dependent dimerization is important for degradation of collagen on the cell surface. Our finding provides new insight into the potential molecular arrangement of MT1-MMP contributing to its function on the cell surface.