Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

We have developed an ex vivo method for delivering genes to the synovial lining of joints and expressing them intra-articularly. The present studies were designed to determine whether transfer of a human interleukin-1 receptor antagonist protein (IRAP) gene by this method was able to antagonize the intra-articular actions of interleukin-1. Intra-articular injections of human recombinant interleukin-1 beta (hrIL-1 beta) into the knees of control rabbits provoked a marked leukocytic infiltrate into the joint space, severe synovial thickening and hypercellularity, and loss of proteoglycans from articular cartilage. Genetically modified knees contained several nanograms of human IRAP and inhibited each of these effects of IL-1 beta. These data demonstrate for the first time that delivery of an appropriate gene to joints can prevent intra-articular pathology. Such findings permit cautious optimism about the eventual development of a gene treatment for arthritis and other disorders of the joint.


Journal article


Gene ther

Publication Date





64 - 69


Animals, Arthritis, DNA, Complementary, Gene Transfer Techniques, Genetic Therapy, Genetic Vectors, Humans, Injections, Intra-Articular, Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein, Interleukin-1, Joint Diseases, Rabbits, Recombinant Proteins, Retroviridae, Sialoglycoproteins, Synovial Membrane