Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Bcl-2 expression is tightly regulated during lymphocyte development. Mature lymphocytes in Bcl-2-deficient mice show accelerated spontaneous apoptosis in vivo and in vitro. Stimulation of Bcl-2-deficient lymphocytes by anti-CD3 antibody inhibited the spontaneous apoptosis not only in T cells but also in B cells. The rescue of B cells was dependent on the presence of T cells, mainly through CD40L and interleukin (IL)-4. Furthermore, we generated Bcl-2-deficient mice transgenic for a T cell receptor or an immunoglobulin, both specific for chicken ovalbumin, to test for antigen-specific T-B cell interaction in the inhibition of the spontaneous apoptosis. The initial T cell activation by antigenic peptides presented by B cells suppressed apoptosis in T cells. Subsequently, T cells expressed CD40L and released ILs, leading to the protection of B cells from spontaneous apoptosis. These results suggest that the antiapoptotic signaling via CD40 or IL-4 may be largely independent of Bcl-2. Engagement of the Ig alone was not sufficient for the inhibition of B cell apoptosis. Thus, the physiological role of Bcl-2 in mature lymphocytes may be to protect cells from spontaneous apoptosis and to extend their lifespans to increase the opportunity for T cells and B cells to interact with each other and specific antigens in secondary lymphoid tissues. Bcl-2, however, appears to be dispensable for survival once mature lymphocytes are activated by antigen-specific T-B cell collaboration.

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Exp Med

Publication Date

01/10/1995

Volume

182

Pages

1101 - 1109

Keywords

Animals, Antigens, CD3, Antigens, CD40, Apoptosis, B-Lymphocytes, Cell Communication, Cells, Cultured, Flow Cytometry, Immunoglobulins, Interleukin-4, Mice, Mice, Mutant Strains, Mice, Transgenic, Models, Immunological, Proto-Oncogene Proteins, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2, Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, T-Lymphocytes