Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

We report the concordance rate for RA in a nationwide study of 91 monozygotic (MZ) and 112 dizygotic (DZ) pairs. Twin pairs were recruited from both a national media campaign and a 2-month prospective inquiry of all UK rheumatologists. Disease status was established following a structured clinical and serological appraisal, together with radiological assessment where necessary. Zygosity was confirmed using DNA fingerprinting. In all, 14 (15.4%) of the MZ and four (3.6%) of the DZ pairs were disease concordant (risk ratio: 4.3 95% CI 1.5 to 12.6). There was no difference in the concordance between the media and clinical derived twins. Further the excess MZ concordance persisted after adjusting for age, age at disease onset, sex and rheumatoid factor status. Analysing the data in relation to the timing of disease onset in the first affected twin showed that subsequent disease risk in the initially unaffected co-twins of the MZ affected probands increased with increasing duration of follow-up. We conclude that the overall MZ concordance at 15% is lower than the 30% figure normally quoted from a study some 30 years ago and sets a ceiling at the potential genetic contribution to disease susceptibility.

Original publication

DOI

10.1093/rheumatology/32.10.903

Type

Journal article

Journal

British journal of rheumatology

Publication Date

10/1993

Volume

32

Pages

903 - 907

Addresses

ARC Epidemiology Research Unit, Manchester University Medical School.

Keywords

Humans, Arthritis, Rheumatoid, Diseases in Twins, Incidence, Proportional Hazards Models, Twins, Dizygotic, Twins, Monozygotic, Adult, Female, Male