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This narrative review summarizes the role that nutrition plays in the development and maintenance of a healthy skeleton throughout the life-course. Nutrition has a significant influence on bone health throughout the life cycle. This narrative review summarizes current knowledge and guidance pertaining to the development and maintenance of a healthy skeleton. The primary objectives proposed for good bone health at the various stages of life are the following: Children and adolescents: achieve genetic potential for peak bone mass Adults: avoid premature bone loss and maintain a healthy skeleton Seniors: prevention and treatment of osteoporosis Findings from cohort studies, randomized controlled trials, systematic reviews and meta-analyses, in addition to current dietary guidelines, are summarized with the intention of providing clear nutritional guidance for these populations and pregnant women.

Original publication




Journal article


Osteoporosis international : a journal established as result of cooperation between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USA

Publication Date





2723 - 2742


Synthesis Medical NZ Ltd, Auckland, New Zealand.


Humans, Osteoporosis, Calcium, Vitamin D, Prenatal Care, Diet, Bone Development, Pregnancy, Sex Characteristics, Child, Female, Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Gene-Environment Interaction