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This narrative review summarizes the role that nutrition plays in the development and maintenance of a healthy skeleton throughout the life-course. Nutrition has a significant influence on bone health throughout the life cycle. This narrative review summarizes current knowledge and guidance pertaining to the development and maintenance of a healthy skeleton. The primary objectives proposed for good bone health at the various stages of life are the following: Children and adolescents: achieve genetic potential for peak bone mass Adults: avoid premature bone loss and maintain a healthy skeleton Seniors: prevention and treatment of osteoporosis Findings from cohort studies, randomized controlled trials, systematic reviews and meta-analyses, in addition to current dietary guidelines, are summarized with the intention of providing clear nutritional guidance for these populations and pregnant women.

Original publication




Journal article


Osteoporos int

Publication Date





2723 - 2742


Calcium, Life-course, Nutrition, Osteoporosis, Protein, Vitamin D, Bone Development, Calcium, Child, Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Diet, Female, Gene-Environment Interaction, Humans, Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Osteoporosis, Pregnancy, Prenatal Care, Sex Characteristics, Vitamin D