Life-course approach to nutrition.
Mitchell PJ., Cooper C., Dawson-Hughes B., Gordon CM., Rizzoli R.
This narrative review summarizes the role that nutrition plays in the development and maintenance of a healthy skeleton throughout the life-course. Nutrition has a significant influence on bone health throughout the life cycle. This narrative review summarizes current knowledge and guidance pertaining to the development and maintenance of a healthy skeleton. The primary objectives proposed for good bone health at the various stages of life are the following: Children and adolescents: achieve genetic potential for peak bone mass Adults: avoid premature bone loss and maintain a healthy skeleton Seniors: prevention and treatment of osteoporosis Findings from cohort studies, randomized controlled trials, systematic reviews and meta-analyses, in addition to current dietary guidelines, are summarized with the intention of providing clear nutritional guidance for these populations and pregnant women.