Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

To evaluate the safety and tolerability of the intravenous administration of Cx611, a preparation of allogeneic expanded adipose-derived stem cells (eASCs), in patients with refractory rheumatoid arthritis (RA), as well as to obtain preliminary clinical efficacy data in this population.It is a multicentre, dose escalation, randomised, single-blind (double-blind for efficacy), placebo-controlled, phase Ib/IIa clinical trial. Patients with active refractory RA (failure to at least two biologicals) were randomised to receive three intravenous infusions of Cx611: 1 million/kg (cohort A), 2 million/kg (cohort B), 4 million/kg (cohort C) or placebo, on days 1, 8 and 15, and they were followed for therapy assessment for 24 weeks.Fifty-three patients were treated (20 in cohort A, 20 in cohort B, 6 in cohort C and 7 in placebo group). A total of 141 adverse events (AEs) were reported. Seventeen patients from the group A (85%), 15 from the group B (75%), 6 from the group C (100%) and 4 from the placebo group (57%) experienced at least one AE.Eight AEs from 6 patients were grade 3 in intensity (severe), 5 in cohort A (lacunar infarction, diarrhoea, tendon rupture, rheumatoid nodule and arthritis), 2 in cohort B (sciatica and RA) and 1 in the placebo group (asthenia). Only one of the grade 3 AEs was serious (the lacunar infarction). American College of Rheumatology 20 responses for cohorts A, B, C and placebo were 45%, 20%, 33% and 29%, respectively, at month 1, and 25%, 15%, 17% and 0%, respectively, at month 3.The intravenous infusion of Cx611 was in general well tolerated, without evidence of dose-related toxicity at the dose range and time period studied. In addition, a trend for clinical efficacy was observed. These data, in our opinion, justify further investigation of this innovative therapy in patients with RA.EudraCT: 2010-021602-37; NCT01663116; Results.

Original publication

DOI

10.1136/annrheumdis-2015-208918

Type

Journal article

Journal

Annals of the rheumatic diseases

Publication Date

01/2017

Volume

76

Pages

196 - 202

Addresses

Hospital Universitario de La Princesa, IIS-IP, Madrid, Spain.

Keywords

Adipose Tissue, Humans, Arthritis, Rheumatoid, C-Reactive Protein, Treatment Outcome, Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation, Infusions, Intravenous, Severity of Illness Index, Single-Blind Method, Adult, Aged, Middle Aged, Female, Male, Biomarkers