Determination of femoral component size in unicompartmental knee replacement.
Fawzy E., Pandit H., Jenkins C., Dodd CAF., Murray DW.
It is difficult to determine the ideal size of femoral component when a unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) is implanted with a minimally invasive approach. The aim of the study was to identify the best method of determining femoral component size pre-operatively. This was done by assessing the accuracy with which it could be predicted by pre-operative templating, patient height, gender and tibial component size. One hundred patients who had had Oxford UKR were studied. Pre-operative radiographs were templated and patient height, gender and implanted tibial component size were recorded. From a review of post-operative radiographs and the known size of component used the ideal size of component that should have been used was established. By relating patient height, gender and tibial component size to the ideal femoral component size the range of these various parameters that best predicted each component size was identified. The reliability of these predictions was assessed assuming that a component one size off ideal was acceptable and two sizes off was unacceptable. Templating was correct in 67% of cases, acceptable in 33% and was never unacceptable. Height alone was correct in 56%, acceptable in 38% and unacceptable in 6%. Height based on gender was correct in 75%, acceptable in 25% and was never unacceptable. Tibial size was correct in 56%, acceptable in 41% and unacceptable in 3%. We conclude that both templating and height based on gender are reliable methods of assessing femoral component size. However because errors can occur surgeons are advised to use both.