Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Objectives The aim of this study was to characterize the descriptive epidemiology of insomnia in midlife and explore the relative importance of different occupational risk factors for insomnia among older workers. Methods A questionnaire was mailed to all adults aged 50-64 years registered with 24 English general practices. Insomnia was defined as having at least one of four problems with sleep severely in the past three months. Subjects were also asked about employment conditions, feelings concerning work, and their health. Associations were assessed by logistic regression and population attributable fractions (PAF) calculated. Results Analysis was based on 8067 respondents (5470 in paid work), 18.8% of whom reported insomnia. It was more common among women, smokers, obese individuals, those living alone, and those in financial hardship, and less prevalent among the educated, those in South-East England, and those with friendships and leisure-time pursuits. Occupational risk factors included unemployment, shift working, lack of control and support at work, job insecurity, job dissatisfaction and several of its determinants (lacking a sense of achievement, feeling unappreciated, having difficult work colleagues, feeling unfairly criticized). Population burden of insomnia was associated more strongly with difficulties in coping with work demands, job insecurity, difficult colleagues, and lack of friendships at work [population attributable fraction (PAF) 15-33%] than shift work and lack of autonomy or support (PAF 5-7%). It was strongly associated with seven measures of poorer self-assessed health. Conclusions Employment policies aimed at tackling insomnia among older workers may benefit from focusing particularly on job-person fit, job security and relationships in the workplace.

Original publication

DOI

10.5271/sjweh.3618

Type

Journal article

Journal

Scandinavian journal of work, environment & health

Publication Date

03/2017

Volume

43

Pages

136 - 145

Addresses

Medical Research Council Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK. ktp@mrc.soton.ac.uk.

Keywords

Humans, Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Achievement, Job Satisfaction, Occupational Exposure, Age Factors, Sex Factors, Middle Aged, Employment, Workplace, England, Female, Male, Surveys and Questionnaires