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Increasing the clinical efficacy of toxic chemotherapy drugs such as cisplatin (CDDP), via targeted drug delivery, is a key area of research in cancer treatment. In this study, CDDP-loaded poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) were successfully prepared using electrohydrodynamic atomization (EHDA). The configuration was varied to control the distribution of CDDP within the particles, and high encapsulation efficiency (>70%) of the drug was achieved. NPs were produced with either a core-shell (CS) or a matrix (uniform) structure. It was shown that CS NPs had the most sustained release of the 2 formulations, demonstrating a slower linear release post initial "burst" and longer duration. The role of particle architecture on the rate of drug release in vitro was confirmed by fitting the experimental data with various kinetic models. This indicated that the release process was a simple diffusion mechanism. The CS NPs were effectively internalized into the endolysosomal compartments of cancer cells and demonstrated an increased cytotoxic efficacy (concentration of a drug that gives half maximal response [EC50] reaching 6.2 µM) compared to free drug (EC50 =9 µM) and uniform CDDP-distributed NPs (EC50 =7.6 µM) in vitro. Thus, these experiments indicate that engineering the structure of PLGA NPs can be exploited to control both the dosage and the release characteristics for improved clinical chemotherapy treatment.

Original publication




Journal article


Int j nanomedicine

Publication Date





3913 - 3926


cancer chemotherapy, cisplatin, controlled release, drug delivery, electrohydrodynamic atomization, nanoparticles, poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid), polymer, Antineoplastic Agents, Apoptosis, Cell Line, Tumor, Cell Survival, Cisplatin, Delayed-Action Preparations, Drug Carriers, Drug Liberation, Flow Cytometry, Humans, Lactic Acid, Nanoparticles, Particle Size, Polyglycolic Acid, Polylactic Acid-Polyglycolic Acid Copolymer