Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

We studied the incidence of subsequent fractures in persons of 50+ years from 1990 to 2012 and the relative risk (RR) of subsequent fractures after an index femur/hip fracture, stratified per 5-year age band. Patients suffering a fracture have a high incidence of a subsequent fracture; the RR of subsequent fracture after a femur/hip fracture ranged from 2 to 7. INTRODUCTION: Recent information on the risk of subsequent fractures after a broad range of index fractures in the UK population is scarce. We therefore studied the rates of subsequent fractures of the femur/hip, humerus, radius/ulna, vertebrae, rib, or pelvis after fractures at one of these sites from 1990 to 2012 in 3,156,347 UK men and women aged 50 years or over. METHODS: We undertook a retrospective observational study using the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD). The incidence of subsequent fractures at a specific site was calculated by dividing the observed number of fractures by the number of person-years (py) at risk. The relative risk (RR) of subsequent fractures after a femur/hip fracture, by 5-year age band, was calculated by dividing the incidence of a specific subsequent fracture type by the incidence of first fractures at the same site in the same age group. RESULTS: The highest subsequent fracture incidence after a femur/hip fracture was for humerus fracture in men (59.5/10.000 py) and radius/ulna fracture in women (117.2/10.000 py). After an index fracture of the radius/ulna, humerus fracture in men (59.3/10.000 py) and femur/hip fracture in women (82.4 per 10.000 py) were most frequent. The RR of fractures after a femur/hip fracture ranged from 2 to 7 and were highest in men and younger age groups. CONCLUSION: Patients suffering a fracture have a high incidence of a subsequent fracture. Our findings demonstrate the importance of fracture prevention in patients with a history of a fracture by adequate medical diagnosis and treatment.

Original publication

DOI

10.1007/s00198-018-4636-0

Type

Journal article

Journal

Osteoporos int

Publication Date

11/2018

Volume

29

Pages

2469 - 2475

Keywords

Epidemiology, Fracture incidence, Osteoporosis, Subsequent fractures, Age Distribution, Aged, Databases, Factual, Female, Femoral Fractures, Hip Fractures, Humans, Incidence, Male, Middle Aged, Osteoporotic Fractures, Recurrence, Retrospective Studies, Risk Assessment, United Kingdom