Predictors affecting outcome after single-event multilevel surgery in children with cerebral palsy: a systematic review.
Edwards TA., Theologis T., Wright J.
To review the potential predictors of outcome after single-event multilevel surgery (SEMLS) in children with cerebral palsy (CP).A literature search using the following criteria was performed in six electronic databases: (1) children with cerebral palsy; (2) analysed potential predictors of outcome after SEMLS; (3) minimum 12 months follow-up. The potential predictors were predefined: sex; topographical distribution; socio-economic status; Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) level; preoperative kinematic summary statistic; age at surgery. Study quality was appraised with the methodological index for non-randomized studies (MINORS) and the Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine scale.Of the seven studies identified, the MINORS scores ranged from 9 to 11 and all were graded 2b on the Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine scale. There was little or no evidence to support sex, topographical distribution, or socio-economic status as predictive factors after SEMLS. Preoperative Gait Profile Score (GPS) was the best measure of expected improvement in gait kinematics. Parent-reported satisfaction and GPS were best after SEMLS in children graded GMFCS II. The best long-term results were seen in those aged between 10 years and 12 years of age.The candidate who might expect to realize the most improvement from SEMLS is aged between 10 years and 12 years, is in GMFCS level II, and has a poor preoperative GPS.Children aged 10 to 12 years, in Gross Motor Function Classification System level II, with a poor preoperative Gait Profile Score might expect to realize the most improvement after single-event multilevel surgery.