Superdeformation in the N = Z nucleus 36Ar: experimental, deformed mean field, and spherical shell model descriptions
Svensson CE., Macchiavelli AO., Juodagalvis A., Poves A., Ragnarsson I., Aberg S., Appelbe DE., Austin RA., Baktash C., Ball GC., Carpenter MP., Caurier E., Clark RM., Cromaz M., Deleplanque MA., Diamond RM., Fallon P., Furlotti M., Galindo-Uribarri A., Janssens RV., Lane GJ., Lee IY., Lipoglavsek M., Nowacki F., Paul SD., Radford DC.
A superdeformed rotational band has been identified in 36Ar, linked to known low-spin states, and observed to its high-spin termination at Ipi = 16(+). Cranked Nilsson-Strutinsky and spherical shell model calculations assign the band to a configuration in which four pf-shell orbitals are occupied, leading to a low-spin deformation beta(2) approximately 0.45. Two major shells are active for both protons and neutrons, yet the valence space remains small enough to be confronted with the shell model. This band thus provides an ideal case to study the microscopic structure of collective rotational motion.