Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

We sought to establish whether continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in people with type 2 diabetes and diabetic macular oedema (DMO) improved visual acuity.We randomly assigned 131 eligible patients aged 30-85 years from 23 UK centres with significant DMO causing visual impairment (LogMAR letters identified ≥39 and ≤78, score 0.92-0.14) plus severe OSA on screening to either usual ophthalmology care (n=67) or usual ophthalmology care plus CPAP (n=64) for 12 months.Mean age of participants was 64 years, 73% male, mean body mass index 35.0 kg·m-2 Mean 4% oxygen desaturation index was 36 events·h-1 There was no significant difference in the visual acuity at 12 months between the CPAP group and the control group (mean LogMAR 0.33 (95% CI 0.29-0.37) versus 0.31 (95% CI 0.27-0.35); p=0.39), and no significant correlation between change in LogMAR and average CPAP use. The median±sd (range) daily CPAP use was 3.33±2.25 (0-7.93) h at 3 months, 3.19±2.54 (0-8.07) h at 6 months and 3.21±2.70 (0-7.98) h at 12 months.CPAP therapy for OSA did not improve visual acuity in people with type 2 diabetes and DMO compared with usual care alone over 12 months.

Original publication

DOI

10.1183/13993003.01177-2018

Type

Journal article

Journal

Eur respir j

Publication Date

10/2018

Volume

52

Keywords

Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Body Mass Index, Continuous Positive Airway Pressure, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Diabetic Retinopathy, Female, Humans, Macular Edema, Male, Middle Aged, Retina, Sleep Apnea, Obstructive, Treatment Outcome, United Kingdom, Visual Acuity