Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of bifunctional inhibitors of membrane type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP).
Cuffaro D., Nuti E., Gifford V., Ito N., Camodeca C., Tuccinardi T., Nencetti S., Orlandini E., Itoh Y., Rossello A.
Collagen degradation and proMMP-2 activation are major functions of MT1-MMP to promote cancer cell invasion. Since both processes require MT1-MMP homodimerization on the cell surface, herein we propose that the use of bifunctional inhibitors of this enzyme could represent an innovative approach to efficiently reduce tumor growth. A small series of symmetrical dimers derived from previously described monomeric arylsulfonamide hydroxamates was synthesized and tested in vitro on isolated MMPs. A nanomolar MT1-MMP inhibitor, compound 6, was identified and then submitted to cell-based assays on HT1080 fibrosarcoma cells. Dimer 6 reduced MT1-MMP-dependent proMMP-2 activation, collagen degradation and collagen invasion in a dose-dependent manner with better results even compared to its monomeric analogue 4. This preliminary study suggests that dimeric MT1-MMP inhibitors might be further developed and exploited as an alternative tool to reduce cancer cell invasion.