Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) possess unique properties, which make them highly attractive for medical applications. The use of MNPs in surgery has mainly been focused on their role in the identification of metastatic lymph node involvement. There have been developments within this field, including ongoing and newly conducted clinical trials. The current published evidence for the use of MNPs in assessing metastatic lymph node spread using sentinel lymph node biopsy and non-invasive imaging modalities is reviewed and future applications considered.

Original publication




Journal article


Breast cancer res treat

Publication Date





213 - 218


Axilla, Breast Neoplasms, Female, Humans, Lymph Node Excision, Lymph Nodes, Lymphatic Metastasis, Magnetite Nanoparticles, Radiography, Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy