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Emergency Department (ED)

This is also known as ‘Accident and Emergency’ (A&E). It is the department where emergency medical care is given.

These are usually open 24 hours a day. Patients often go from the ED to other departments or wards in the hospital for further treatment.  



Ethics is concerned with what is morally good and bad, and morally right and wrong. It refers to any system or theory of moral values or principles.

Researchers use a common understanding of ethics to guide fair and decent decision-making to prevent harm to patients and the public.

Usually, an independent Research Ethics Committee will review a potential research project to decide if it is fair and ethical.