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BACKGROUND: The pattern of change in maternal bone turnover throughout pregnancy is poorly characterized. OBJECTIVES: We investigated changes across pregnancy in a marker of maternal bone resorption, urinary C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX), the influence of gestational vitamin D supplementation, and associations between CTX and maternal postnatal bone indices. METHODS: MAVIDOS (the Maternal Vitamin D Osteoporosis Study) is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 1000 IU cholecalciferol/d compared with placebo from 14 weeks of gestation to birth. Maternal second-void urinary α- and β-CTX were measured (ELISA) at 14 and 34 weeks of gestation; DXA was performed within 2 wk postpartum. The Mann-Whitney Rank Sum test, Spearman's rank correlation, and linear regression were used to compare median CTX values within and between groups from early to late pregnancy, and associations with maternal bone outcomes. RESULTS: In total, 372 women had CTX and 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] measured in early and late pregnancy. CTX at 14 and 34 weeks of gestation were correlated in both placebo (r = 0.31) and cholecalciferol (r = 0.45) groups (P 

Original publication




Journal article


Am j clin nutr

Publication Date





1600 - 1611


CTX, DXA, bone turnover, epidemiology, osteoporosis, pregnancy, vitamin D, Adult, Bone Density, Bone Remodeling, Collagen Type I, Dietary Supplements, Double-Blind Method, Female, Humans, Infant, Newborn, Peptides, Pregnancy, Vitamin D