Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Human osteoblast cultures derived as out-growths from trabecular bone released tumor necrosis factor (TNF alpha) upon stimulation of the cells with human recombinant interleukin 1 (IL1; 10(-13)-10(-11) M), human recombinant granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (100-1000 U/ml), and bacterial lipopolysaccharide (5-500 ng/ml). The osteotropic hormones 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, PTH, and calcitonin had no effect on TNF production. The TNF released by the osteoblasts was identified as TNF alpha, using a specific anti-TNF alpha monoclonal antibody to neutralize its activity. Immunohistochemical staining of the cells using the same antibody revealed that all of the cells in the cultures were capable of producing TNF alpha, including those that also expressed alkaline phosphatase activity. Immunoreactive protein could be detected in the perinuclear region when cells were cultured in the presence of monensin, suggesting accumulation of newly synthesised protein in the Golgi apparatus. These results suggest that human osteoblasts, which have been shown previously to respond to TNF alpha, can synthesize and release TNF in response to IL1 and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor. TNF may, therefore, not only have a pathological role in conditions of chronic inflammation, but also may act as a local paracrine or autocrine regulator of osteoblast function.

Original publication

DOI

10.1210/endo-126-2-1250

Type

Journal article

Journal

Endocrinology

Publication Date

02/1990

Volume

126

Pages

1250 - 1255

Keywords

Calcitonin, Calcitriol, Cells, Cultured, Colony-Stimulating Factors, Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor, Growth Substances, Humans, Immunoenzyme Techniques, Interleukin-1, Osteoblasts, Parathyroid Hormone, Recombinant Proteins, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha