Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Despite advances in the knowledge of the intracellular signalling in response to extracellular messengers, the mechanism of action of interleukin-1 (IL-1) has remained an enigma. In the present study, we have employed human dermal fibroblasts (Detroit 532 cells) to investigate IL-1 beta-induced changes in intracellular signals. Both recombinant human IL-1 beta and a native preparation purified from human placental tissue were employed. Cyclic AMP levels in cell monolayers were unaltered by IL-1 beta. Also, IL-1 beta did not influence significantly the levels of phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol 4-monophosphate, and phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate in the membrane, nor the water-soluble inositol phosphates, inositol monophosphate, inositol bisphosphate and inositol trisphosphate, in cells prelabelled with myo-[3H]inositol. In addition, intracellular calcium as measured by Quin2 was unaffected by interleukin-1. However, in cells labelled with [3H]glycerol or [3H]arachidonic acid, IL-1 beta caused an immediate rise in diglyceride (DG) accumulation. As the effects of IL-1 beta have been reported to be mimicked by tumour-promoting phorbol esters, this rise in DG suggested the involvement of protein kinase C (PKC). However, repeated experiments failed to reveal any acute effect of IL-1 beta on the activity of this enzyme. Furthermore, IL-1 beta did not cause the translocation of PKC between the membrane and the cytosol as has been found in response to other extracellular signals. Rather, IL-1 beta appeared to increase the synthesis of PKC in both membrane and cytosol preparations, an effect which could be prevented by coincubation with cycloheximide. These findings suggest that the diglyceride formed in response to IL-1 beta does not activate protein kinase C.

Original publication




Journal article


Regul pept

Publication Date





109 - 116


Calcium, Cells, Cultured, Cyclic AMP, Diglycerides, Enzyme Activation, Humans, Inositol Phosphates, Interleukin-1, Phosphatidylinositols, Protein Kinase C, Recombinant Proteins, Signal Transduction