Extracellular matrix receptor and platelet antigens on osteoclasts and foreign body giant cells.
Quinn JM., Athanasou NA., McGee JO.
Osteoclasts (OCs) and other cells of the mononuclear phagocyte system possess receptors for adhesive proteins present in the extracellular matrix. The antigenic phenotype of OCs and foreign body giant cells (FBGCs) was investigated for the presence of several integrin molecules and other largely platelet-associated antigens involved in cell adhesion reactions. Both OCs and FBGCs expressed the alpha-chains of the vitronectin receptor (CD51) and of the VLA-2 (CDw49b) and VLA-4 (CDw49d) molecules as well as their respective beta-chains, gpIIIa (CD61) and CD29. OCs and FBGCs also expressed CD9 and CD55 (DAF-Decay Accelerating Factor) and strongly reacted with antibodies directed against fibrinogen, fibronectin and vitronectin; the latter are ligands for several of the above matrix protein receptors. The data suggest that cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions involving adhesive proteins may be important in OC and FBGC function.