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In preclinical mouse models, a synergistic anabolic response to PTH(1-34) and tibia loading was shown. Whether combined treatment improves bone properties with oestrogen deficiency, a cardinal feature of osteoporosis, remains unknown. This study quantified the individual and combined longitudinal effects of PTH(1-34) and loading on the bone morphometric and densitometric properties in ovariectomised mice. C57BL/6 mice were ovariectomised at 14-weeks-old and treated either with injections of PTH(1-34); compressive loading of the right tibia; both interventions concurrently; or both interventions on alternating weeks. Right tibiae were microCT-scanned from 14 until 24-weeks-old. Trabecular metaphyseal and cortical midshaft morphometric properties, and bone mineral content (BMC) in 40 different regions of the tibia were measured. Mice treated only with loading showed the highest trabecular bone volume fraction at week 22. Cortical thickness was higher with co-treatment than in the mice treated with PTH alone. In the mid-diaphysis, increases in BMC were significantly higher with loading than PTH. In ovariectomised mice, the osteogenic benefits of co-treatment on the trabecular bone were lower than loading alone. However, combined interventions had increased, albeit regionally-dependent, benefits to cortical bone. Increased benefits were largest in the mid-diaphysis and postero-laterally, regions subjected to higher strains under compressive loads.

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Sci rep

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