Performance and Predictors of Minimal Disease Activity Response in Peripheral Spondyloarthritis Patients Treated With Adalimumab.
Coates LC., Abraham S., Tillett W., Mease PJ., Ramiro S., Wu T., Wang X., Pangan AL., Song I-H.
OBJECTIVES: To examine concurrent validity and discrimination of modified minimal disease activity (mMDA) criteria in peripheral spondyloarthritis (pSpA) following OMERACT filter principles and determine predictors of mMDA response. METHODS: Four mMDA versions were derived in the ABILITY-2 study using the SPondyloArthritis Research Consortium of Canada (SPARCC) or Leeds Enthesitis Index (LEI) but excluding psoriasis. To assess concurrent validity, mMDA versions were correlated with Peripheral SpondyloArthritis Response Criteria (PSpARC) remission, Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score for inactive disease (ASDAS ID), and physician global. Treatment discrimination was assessed between adalimumab and placebo at week 12. Multiple logistic regression was used to determine baseline predictors of long-term mMDA responses and sustained mMDA. RESULTS: The four mMDA versions showed a stronger positive correlation with PSpARC remission (rtet >0.95) versus ASDAS ID (rtet >0.75) at week 12 and years 1-3 and were able to show discrimination (p<0.001). Responsiveness was shown at week 12; significantly more patients receiving adalimumab versus placebo achieved all four versions of mMDA. Approximately 40-60% of adalimumab-treated patients achieved mMDA-LEI or SPARCC at years 1-3. Achieving mMDA response after 12 weeks of adalimumab treatment was a robust positive predictor of attaining long-term mMDA through 3 years (odds ratios: 11.38-27.13 for mMDA-LEI; 17.98-37.85 for mMDA-SPARCC). CONCLUSIONS: All four versions of mMDA showed concurrent validity and discriminated well between adalimumab and placebo treatment groups. Early mMDA response is a more consistent predictor of long-term mMDA achievement than baseline characteristics. The 5 of 6 versions of mMDA could be an appropriate treatment target in pSpA patients.