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The incidence rate of hip fracture in Hong Kong in 1989 was calculated from hospital admission data and the census population. The incidence rate has increased 3-fold since 1966 to reach 9 per 1000 in men and 13 per 1000 in women 80 years and over. The age-adjusted rate was comparable to that in Singapore but higher than that in Japan. A case-control study was conducted on 280 women and 120 men with hip fracture and 800 controls. The relative risk for hip fracture increased with a low calcium intake, being 2.9 (95% confidence interval 1.9 to 4.6) in the lowest quartile. The relative risk for hip fracture was also significantly increased in subjects who did not perform load-bearing activity every day. Osteoporosis may be prevented by an adequate calcium intake and load-bearing activity in urbanized Asian populations.

Original publication

DOI

10.1007/bf01621856

Type

Journal article

Journal

Osteoporosis international : a journal established as result of cooperation between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USA

Publication Date

01/1993

Volume

3 Suppl 1

Pages

23 - 26

Addresses

Centre for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Newcastle, Australia.

Keywords

Humans, Osteoporosis, Hip Fractures, Calcium, Dietary, Incidence, Risk Factors, Weight-Bearing, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Middle Aged, Asian Continental Ancestry Group, Urban Health, World Health, China, Hong Kong, Female, Male, Physical Exertion