Nesprin-1 impact on tumorigenic cell phenotypes.
Sur-Erdem I., Hussain MS., Asif M., Pınarbası N., Aksu AC., Noegel AA.
The largest protein of the nuclear envelope (NE) is Nesprin-1 which forms a network along the NE interacting with actin, Emerin, Lamin, and SUN proteins. Mutations in the SYNE1 gene and reduction in Nesprin-1 protein levels have been reported to correlate with several age related diseases and cancer. In the present study, we tested whether Nesprin-1 overexpression can reverse the malignant phenotype of Huh7 cells, a human liver cancer cell line, which carries a mutation in the SYNE1 gene resulting in reduced Nesprin-1 protein levels, has altered nuclear shape, altered amounts and localization of NE components, centrosome localization and genome stability. Ectopic expression of a mini-Nesprin-1 led to an improvement of the nuclear shape, corrected the mislocalization of NE proteins, the centrosome positioning, and the alterations in the DNA damage response network. Additionally, Nesprin-1 had a profound effect on cellular senescence. These findings suggest that Nesprin-1 may be effective in tumorigenic cell phenotype correction of human liver cancer.