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BACKGROUND: Arthroscopic ankle arthrodesis (AAA) is a successful treatment for end-stage ankle arthritis. A significant early complication of AAA is symptomatic nonunion. Published nonunion rates range from 8% to 13%. Longer term, there is concern that it predisposes to subtalar joint (STJ) fusion. To better understand these risks, we undertook a retrospective investigation of primary AAA. METHODS: All adult AAA cases conducted at our institution over a 10-year period were reviewed. A total of 284 eligible AAA cases in 271 patients were analyzed. The primary outcome measure was radiographic union. Secondary outcome measures included reoperative rate, postoperative complications and subsequent STJ fusion. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify nonunion risk factors. RESULTS: The overall nonunion rate was 7.7%. Smoking (odds ratio [OR] 4.76 [1.67, 13.6], P = .004) and previous triple fusion (OR 40.29 [9.46, 171.62], P 

Original publication




Journal article


Foot ankle int

Publication Date



arthroscopic ankle arthrodesis, nonunion, triple fusion