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AIMS: To investigate whether manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging can assess functional pancreatic beta-cell mass in people with type 1 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: In a prospective case-control study, 20 people with type 1 diabetes mellitus (10 with low (≥50 pmol/L) and 10 with very low (<50 pmol/L) C-peptide concentrations) and 15 healthy volunteers underwent manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of the pancreas following an oral glucose load. Scan-rescan reproducibility was performed in 10 participants. RESULTS: Mean pancreatic manganese uptake was 31 ± 6 mL/100 g of tissue/min in healthy volunteers (median 32 [interquartile range 23-36] years, 6 women), falling to 23 ± 4 and 13 ± 5 mL/100 g of tissue/min (p ≤ 0.002 for both) in people with type1 diabetes mellitus (52 [44-61] years, 6 women) and low or very low plasma C-peptide concentrations respectively. Pancreatic manganese uptake correlated strongly with plasma C-peptide concentrations in people with type1 diabetes mellitus (r = 0.73, p 

Original publication




Journal article


Diabet med

Publication Date





magnetic resonance imaging, pancreatic beta-cells, type 1 diabetes mellitus, Humans, Female, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1, C-Peptide, Manganese, Reproducibility of Results, Case-Control Studies, Insulin-Secreting Cells