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AIMS: Treatment advances have improved cancer-related outcomes and shifted interest towards minimising long-term iatrogenic complications, particularly chemotherapy-related cardiotoxicity. High-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) assays accurately quantify very low concentrations of plasma troponin and enable early detection of cardiomyocyte injury prior to the development of myocardial dysfunction. The profile of hs-cTnI in response to anthracycline-based treatment has not previously been described. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a multicentre prospective observational cohort study. Female patients with newly diagnosed invasive breast cancer scheduled to receive anthracycline-based (epirubicin) chemotherapy were recruited. Blood sampling was carried out before and 24 h after each cycle. Hs-cTnI concentrations were measured using the Abbott ARCHITECTSTAT assay. RESULTS: We recruited 78 women with a median (interquartile range) age of 52 (49-61) years. The median baseline troponin concentration was 1 (1-4) ng/l and the median cumulative epirubicin dose was 394 (300-405) mg/m2. Following an initial 33% fall 24 h after anthracycline dosing (P 

Original publication




Journal article


Clin oncol (r coll radiol)

Publication Date





292 - 297


Anthracycline, breast cancer, cardiotoxicity, high-sensitivity cardiac troponin, left ventricular ejection fraction, Anthracyclines, Biomarkers, Breast Neoplasms, Cardiotoxicity, Female, Humans, Middle Aged, Prognosis, Prospective Studies, Troponin I