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BACKGROUND: Mathematical modeling of perfusion cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) data allows absolute quantification of myocardial blood flow and can potentially improve the diagnosis and prognostication of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD), against the current clinical standard of visual assessments. This study compares the diagnostic performance of distributed parameter modeling (DP) against the standard Fermi model, for the detection of obstructive CAD, in per vessel against per patient analysis. METHODS: A pilot cohort of 28 subjects (24 included in the final analysis) with known or suspected CAD underwent adenosine stress-rest perfusion CMR at 3T. Data were analysed using Fermi and DP modeling against invasive coronary angiography and fractional flow reserve, acquired in all subjects. Obstructive CAD was defined as luminal stenosis of ≥70 % alone, or luminal stenosis ≥50 % and fractional flow reserve ≤0.80. RESULTS: On ROC analysis, DP modeling outperformed the standard Fermi model, in per vessel and per patient analysis. In per patient analysis, DP modeling-derived myocardial blood flow at stress demonstrated the highest sensitivity and specificity (0.96, 0.92) in detecting obstructive CAD, against Fermi modeling (0.78, 0.88) and visual assessments (0.79, 0.88), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: DP modeling demonstrated consistently increased diagnostic performance against Fermi modeling and showed that it may have merit for stratifying patients with at least one vessel with obstructive CAD. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT01368237 Registered 6 of June 2011. URL:

Original publication




Journal article


J cardiovasc magn reson

Publication Date





Cardiovascular magnetic resonance, Distributed parameter modeling, Fermi modeling, Invasive methods, Myocardial blood flow, Adenosine, Aged, Area Under Curve, Coronary Angiography, Coronary Artery Disease, Coronary Circulation, Coronary Stenosis, Feasibility Studies, Female, Fractional Flow Reserve, Myocardial, Humans, Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine, Male, Middle Aged, Models, Cardiovascular, Myocardial Perfusion Imaging, Patient-Specific Modeling, Pilot Projects, Predictive Value of Tests, ROC Curve, Reproducibility of Results, Severity of Illness Index, Vasodilator Agents