Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

BACKGROUND: The principal inhibitor of fibrinolysis in vivo is plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1). PAI-749 is a small molecule inhibitor of PAI-1 with proven antithrombotic efficacy in several preclinical models. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of PAI-749, by using an established ex vivo clinical model of thrombosis and a range of complementary in vitro human plasma-based and whole blood-based models of fibrinolysis. METHODS: In a double-blind, randomized, crossover study, ex vivo thrombus formation was assessed using the Badimon chamber in 12 healthy volunteers during extracorporeal administration of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) in the presence of PAI-749 or control. t-PA-mediated lysis of plasma clots and of whole blood model thrombi were assessed in vitro. The role of vitronectin was examined by assessing lysis of fibrin clots generated from purified plasma proteins. RESULTS: There was a dose-dependent reduction in ex vivo thrombus formation by t-PA (P < 0.0001). PAI-749 had no effect on in vitro or ex vivo thrombus formation or fibrinolysis in the presence or absence of t-PA. Inhibition of PAI-1 with a blocking antibody enhanced fibrinolysis in vitro (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Despite its efficacy in a purified human system and in preclinical models of thrombosis, the current study suggests that PAI-749 does not affect thrombus formation or fibrinolysis in a range of established human plasma and whole blood-based systems.

Original publication




Journal article


J thromb haemost

Publication Date





1333 - 1339


Adult, Cross-Over Studies, Double-Blind Method, Fibrinolysis, Humans, Indoles, Models, Biological, Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1, Tetrazoles