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BACKGROUND: Interaction of P-selectin with its glycoprotein ligand (P-selectin glycoprotein ligand type 1) mediates inflammatory processes that may also include vascular thrombosis. Platelet P-selectin expression is increased in patients with coronary heart disease, and its antagonism represents a potential future therapeutic target for the prevention and treatment of atherothrombosis. AIM: To investigate the effects of the novel small molecule P-selectin antagonist PSI-697 on thrombus formation in humans. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a double-blind randomized crossover study, thrombus formation was measured in 12 healthy volunteers, using the Badimon ex vivo perfusion chamber under conditions of low and high shear stress. Saline placebo, low-dose (2 m) and high-dose (20 m) PSI-697 and the glycoprotein IIb-IIIa receptor antagonist tirofiban (50 ng mL(-1)) were administered into the extracorporeal circuit prior to the perfusion chamber. As compared with saline placebo, blockade of platelet glycoprotein IIb-IIIa receptor with tirofiban produced 28% and 56% reductions in thrombus formation in the low-shear and high-shear chambers, respectively. PSI-697 caused a dose-dependent, but more modest, reduction in thrombus formation. Low-dose PSI-796 (2 m) reduced total thrombus area by 14% (P = 0.04) and 30% (P = 0.0002) in the low-shear and high-shear chambers, respectively. At the high dose (20 m), PSI-697 reduced total thrombus area by 18% (P = 0.0094) and 41% (P = 0.0008) in the low-shear and high-shear chambers, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: P-selectin antagonism with PSI-697 reduces ex vivo thrombus formation in humans. These findings provide further evidence that P-selectin antagonism may be a potential target for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease.

Original publication




Journal article


J thromb haemost

Publication Date





1915 - 1919


Adolescent, Adult, Blood, Cells, Cultured, Cross-Over Studies, Double-Blind Method, Humans, Hydroxyquinolines, P-Selectin, Perfusion, Platelet Glycoprotein GPIIb-IIIa Complex, Thrombosis, Tirofiban, Tyrosine, Young Adult