Mass cytometry as a tool in target validation and drug discovery.
Watson ECR., Baker W., Ahern D., Loi D., Cribbs AP., Oppermann U.
Mass cytometry provides highly multiparametric data at a single cell level, coupling the specificity and sensitivity of time-of-flight mass spectrometry with the single-cell throughput of flow cytometry. It offers great value in interrogating the potentially heterogenous impact that a drug may have on a biological system, allowing an investigator to capture not just changes in cell behavior, but how these changes may differ between cell subtypes. In this chapter, we review the technical details of the platform as well as its limitations, before describing our approach to planning and running a mass cytometry experiment. A series of method modules, spanning the staining process through to data cleaning, are described that are then combined to create three separate experiments. The first experiment illustrates a core process in mass cytometry: the validation and titration of a metal-conjugated antibody reporter. The second experiment explores the impact of a kinase inhibitor on cell cycle and apoptosis pathways of a human myeloma cell line. And the third experiment exploits the multiparametric capability of mass cytometry, by exploring the differential expression changes in a transcription factor upon drug treatment across the cellular compartments of a peripheral blood mononuclear cell sample.