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PURPOSE: Hip and knee arthroplasty aims to reduce joint pain and increase functional mobility in patients with osteoarthritis; however, the degree to which arthroplasty is associated with higher physical activity is unclear. The current study sought to assess the association of hip and knee arthroplasty with objectively measured physical activity. METHODS: This cross-sectional study analyzed wrist-worn accelerometer data collected in 2013-2016 from UK Biobank participants (aged 43-78 yr). Multivariable linear regression was performed to assess step count, cadence, overall acceleration, and activity behaviors between nonarthritic controls, end-stage arthritic, and postoperative cohorts, controlling for demographic and behavioral confounders. From a cohort of 94,707 participants with valid accelerometer wear time and complete self-reported data, electronic health records were used to identify 3506 participants having undergone primary or revision hip or knee arthroplasty and 68,389 nonarthritic controls. RESULTS: End-stage hip or knee arthritis was associated with taking 1129 fewer steps per day (95% confidence interval (CI), 811-1447; P < 0.001) and having 5.8 fewer minutes per day (95% CI, 3.0-8.7; P < 0.001) of moderate-to-vigorous activity compared with nonarthritic controls. Unilateral primary hip and knee arthroplasties were associated with 877 (95% CI, 284-1471; P = 0.004) and 893 (95% CI, 232-1554; P = 0.008) more steps than end-stage osteoarthritic participants, respectively. Postoperative unilateral hip arthroplasty participants demonstrated levels of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and daily step count equivalent to nonarthritic controls. No difference in physical activity was observed between any cohorts in terms of overall acceleration, or time spent in daily light activity, sedentary behavior, or sleep. CONCLUSIONS: Hip and knee arthroplasties are associated with higher levels of physical activity compared with participants with end-stage arthritis. Unilateral hip arthroplasty patients, in particular, demonstrate equivalence to nonarthritic peers at more than 1 yr after surgery.

Original publication




Journal article


Med sci sports exerc

Publication Date





805 - 812


Humans, Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee, Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip, Cross-Sectional Studies, Exercise, Osteoarthritis, Knee