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Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most common type of neuromuscular disease caused by mutations in the DMD gene encoding dystrophin protein. To quantitively assess human dystrophin protein in muscle biopsy samples, it is imperative to consistently detect as low as 0.003% of the dystrophin protein relative to the total muscle protein content. The quantitation of dystrophin protein has traditionally been conducted using semiquantitative immunoblotting or immunohistochemistry; however, there is a growing need to establish a more precise quantitative method by employing liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) to measure dystrophin protein. In this study, a novel quantification method was established using a mouse experiment platform applied to the clinical quantification of human dystrophin protein. The method using a spike-in approach with a triple quadrupole LC-MS quantitated the amount of dystrophin in wild-type and human DMD transgenic mice but not in DMD-null mice. In conclusion, we established a quantitating method of dystrophin using HPLC-LC-MS with a novel spike-in approach. These results indicate that our methodology could be applied to several LC-MS devices to enable the accurate measurement of dystrophin protein in patients with DMD.

Original publication




Journal article


Int j mol sci

Publication Date





Duchenne muscular dystrophy, LC-MS, dystrophin, Animals, Mice, Humans, Dystrophin, Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, Muscle, Skeletal, Muscle Proteins, Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne, Mice, Knockout, Mice, Transgenic