Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Tubulointerstitial fibrosis is a common consequence of a diverse range of kidney diseases that lead to end-stage renal failure. The degree of fibrosis is related to leukocyte infiltration. Here, we determined the role of different T cell populations on renal fibrosis in the well-characterized mouse model of unilateral ureteric obstruction. Depletion of CD4(+) T cells in wild-type mice with a monoclonal antibody significantly reduced the amount of interstitial expansion and collagen deposition after 2 weeks of obstruction. Reconstitution of lymphopenic RAG knockout mice with purified CD4(+) but not CD8(+) T cells, prior to ureteric obstruction, resulted in a significant increase in interstitial expansion and collagen deposition. Wild-type mice had significantly greater interstitial expansion and collagen deposition compared with lymphopenic RAG(-/-) mice, following ureteric obstruction; however, macrophage infiltration was equivalent in all groups. Thus, our results suggest that renal injury with subsequent fibrosis is likely to be a multifactorial process, with different arms of the immune system involved at different stages. In this ureteric obstruction model, we found a critical role for CD4(+) T cells in kidney fibrosis. These cells could be a potential target of therapeutic intervention to prevent excessive fibrosis and loss of function due to renal injury.

Original publication




Journal article


Kidney int

Publication Date





351 - 362


Animals, CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes, Collagen, Fibrosis, Homeodomain Proteins, Kidney Diseases, Lymphocyte Depletion, Mice, Mice, Knockout, Ureteral Obstruction