Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva, a heritable disorder of severe heterotopic ossification, maps to human chromosome 4q27-31.
Feldman G., Li M., Martin S., Urbanek M., Urtizberea JA., Fardeau M., LeMerrer M., Connor JM., Triffitt J., Smith R., Muenke M., Kaplan FS., Shore EM.
Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) is a severely disabling, autosomal-dominant disorder of connective tissue and is characterized by postnatal progressive heterotopic ossification of muscle, tendon, ligament, and fascia and by congenital malformation of the great toes. To identify the chromosomal location of the FOP gene, we conducted a genomewide linkage analysis, using four affected families with a total of 14 informative meioses. Male-to-male transmission of the FOP phenotype excluded X-linked inheritance. Highly polymorphic microsatellite markers covering all human autosomes were amplified by use of PCR. The FOP phenotype is linked to markers located in the 4q27-31 region (LOD score 3.10 at recombination fraction 0). Crossover events localize the putative FOP gene within a 36-cM interval bordered proximally by D4S1625 and distally by D4S2417. This interval contains at least one gene involved in the bone morphogenetic protein-signaling pathway.