Long-term treatment of osteoporosis with 24,25 dihydroxycholecalciferol.
Reeve J., Tellez M., Green JR., Hesp R., Elsasser U., Wootton R., Hulme P., Williams D., Kanis JA., Russell RG., Mawer EB., Meunier PJ.
Five patients with involutional osteoporosis were treated with 24,25 dihydroxycholecalciferol (24,25-(OH)2D3) for 6 months, in doses sufficient to double plasma levels at that time. Dietary calcium absorption transiently improved by nearly 2 mmol Ca per day at 2 weeks, but this effect was lost by 6 months. The calcium and phosphate balances followed the trends in calcium absorption. Only twenty-five dihydroxyvitamin D levels changed little. Histomorphometric and kinetic indices of new bone formation and bone blood flow remained stable but there was an increase in urine hydroxyproline at 6 months, which was of borderline statistical significance. Treatment at this dosage of 24,25(OH)2D3, which increased plasma levels within the physiological range, conferred no measurable long-term benefit on our patients. Larger doses, or combination therapy, may warrant further clinical evaluation in osteoporosis.