Role of tyrosine kinase enzymes in TNF-alpha and IL-1 induced expression of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 on human umbilical vein endothelial cells.
Majewska E., Paleolog E., Baj Z., Kralisz U., Feldmann M., Tchórzewski H.
The aim of this study was to analyse the potential roles of protein kinase enzymes in tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-1 (IL-1) induced expression of the adhesion molecules intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). The authors observed a marked increase in ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 expression on HUVEC stimulated for 24 h by TNF-alpha (10 ng/ml) or IL-1 (20 ng/ml). Pre-treatment of HUVEC for 30 min with protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) inhibitors genistein and herbimycin A (10 micrograms/ml and 0.5 microgram/ml, respectively) before stimulation with IL-1 did not affect the expression of these molecules. Similar results were observed with respect to VCAM-1 expression on HUVEC stimulated by TNF-alpha. In contrast, pre-incubation of HUVEC with PTK inhibitors prior to the addition of TNF-alpha significantly enhanced subsequent expression of ICAM-1, although spontaneous expression of ICAM-1 on unstimulated HUVEC was unaffected. Western blot analysis demonstrated a significant increase in phosphorylated tyrosine protein levels in HUVEC stimulated by TNF-alpha, and significantly lower levels of these proteins in TNF-alpha stimulated HUVEC pre-treated with PTK inhibitors. These results demonstrate that IL-1 induced ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 expression does not result from activation of PTK-dependent pathways. In the case of TNF-alpha induced responses, the selective co-stimulatory effect of this cytokine in combination with PTK inhibitors on ICAM-1 expression suggests a complicated intracellular pathway of TNF-alpha induced ICAM-1 expression, possibly involving down-modulation of increases in ICAM-1 by PTK enzymes.