Tuning of innate immunity and polarized responses by decoy receptors.
Mantovani A., Bonecchi R., Martinez FO., Galliera E., Perrier P., Allavena P., Locati M.
After the identification of the interleukin (IL)-1 type II receptor as the prototype, decoy receptors have been identified for a number of members of the IL-1/IL-18, TNF, IL-10 and IL-13 receptor families. Moreover, the silent receptor D6 is a promiscuous decoy and scavenger receptor of inflammatory chemokines. The IL-1 decoy receptor is regulated by pro- and anti-inflammatory signals and its levels may serve as a readout of the activation of anti-inflammatory pathways, for instance by glucocorticoid hormones. Decoy receptors represent a strategy to tune inflammatory and polarized adaptive responses.