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After the identification of the interleukin (IL)-1 type II receptor as the prototype, decoy receptors have been identified for a number of members of the IL-1/IL-18, TNF, IL-10 and IL-13 receptor families. Moreover, the silent receptor D6 is a promiscuous decoy and scavenger receptor of inflammatory chemokines. The IL-1 decoy receptor is regulated by pro- and anti-inflammatory signals and its levels may serve as a readout of the activation of anti-inflammatory pathways, for instance by glucocorticoid hormones. Decoy receptors represent a strategy to tune inflammatory and polarized adaptive responses.

Original publication




Journal article


Int arch allergy immunol

Publication Date





109 - 115


Cytokines, Immunity, Innate, Interleukin-1, Receptors, Chemokine, Receptors, Interleukin-1, Receptors, Interleukin-1 Type II