The sensitivity of different analytical methods to detect disease susceptibility genes in rheumatoid arthritis sibling pair families.
Marlow A., John S., Hajeer A., Ollier WE., Silman AJ., Worthington J.
Our aim was to compare the sensitivity of 4 analytical methods to detect linkage to a known disease susceptibility locus, HLA-DRB1, in 100 rheumatoid arthritis sibling pair families with incomplete parental genotype information. Genotypes for the HLA-DRB1 and HLA-A loci were analyzed using (1) identity-by-descent (IBD), considering inheritance of maternal and paternal alleles separately; (2) maximum likelihood score-IBD (MLS-IBD), which infers missing parental genotypes; (3) identity-by-state (IBS), which does not require parental genotypes; and (4) transmission disequilibrium test (TDT), which uses affected offspring with a heterozygous parent. Due to the small number of informative meoisis for HLA-DRB1, the IBD analysis was not significant for linkage (p = 0.014). HLA-A was more informative (p = 0.0002). The MLS-IBD method for HLA-DRB1 (p = 0.00004) and HLA-A (p < or = 0.00001) was significant. Using IBS both loci gave highly significant evidence of linkage, (p < < 0.00001). The TDT detected HLA-DRB1*0401 as the allele associated with RA; no HLA-A allele was associated. Thus, sib pair families with limited parental genotypes can be used to detect disease susceptibility loci, but when selecting the method of analysis the informativeness of the markers should be taken into account.