Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The treatment of choice for intracapsular neck of femur (NOF) fractures in younger, more active patients remains unknown. Some surgeons advocate total hip replacement (THR).This study aimed to compare complications following THR and hemiarthroplasty using the Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) database in England.Dislocation and revision rates were extracted for all patients with NOF fracture who underwent either cemented hemiarthroplasty or cemented THR between January 2005 and December 2008. To make a 'like for like' comparison all 3866 THR patients were matched to 3866 hemiarthroplasty patients (from a total of 41,343) in terms of age, sex and Charlson score.Eighteen-month dislocation was significantly higher in the THR group (2.4% vs. 0.5%, odds ratio (OR) 3.90 (2.99-5.05), p<0.001). This difference was sustained at the 4-year stage (2.9% vs. 0.9%, OR 3.18 (1.58-6.94), p=0.001) in a subset of patients with longer follow-up. There was no significant difference in revision rate up to 4 years (1.8% vs. 2.1%, OR 0.85 (0.46-1.55), p=0.666). In this national analysis of matched patients short- and medium-term dislocation rates following THR were significantly higher than following cemented hemiarthroplasty, without any difference in revision rates at 4 years. The low risk of dislocation may be acceptable in order to experience the apparent functional benefits of THR.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.injury.2013.03.021

Type

Journal article

Journal

Injury

Publication Date

12/2013

Volume

44

Pages

1940 - 1944

Addresses

National Orthopaedic Research and Surgical Outcomes Collaboration, UK; Northern Deanery Trauma & Orthopaedic Training Scheme, Waterfront 4, Goldcrest Way, Newcastle NE15 8NY, UK. Electronic address: simonjameson@doctors.org.uk.

Keywords

Humans, Hip Dislocation, Femoral Neck Fractures, Postoperative Complications, Treatment Outcome, Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip, Reoperation, Odds Ratio, Hip Prosthesis, Comorbidity, State Medicine, Practice Guidelines as Topic, Hemiarthroplasty, United Kingdom