Incidence of hip fracture in Rohtak district, North India.
Dhanwal DK., Siwach R., Dixit V., Mithal A., Jameson K., Cooper C.
UNLABELLED: Hip fracture incidence is not known in India. This retrospective study was conducted to evaluate hip fracture incidence rates in Rohtak, a single district of North India. A total of 304 patients from this district with hip fracture were hospitalized during the calendar year 2009. The crude hip fracture rates were found to be 159 and 105 per 100,000, respectively, in women and men above the age of 50 years. Hip fracture is a significant health problem in North India. PURPOSE: This aims to study hip fracture incidence in Rohtak district of North India. METHODS: The study was conducted in Rohtak district, Haryana state, India located 80 km north of New Delhi. All patients having hip fracture admitted in Pandit B.D. Sharma Postgraduate Institute or one of the four orthopaedic centres located in Rohtak in year 2009 were included. Total population of Rohtak for the year 2009 was used to calculate age-specific hip fracture incidence. RESULTS: A total of 541 patients with hip fracture were hospitalized in Rohtak district in year 2009. Out of these, 304 were from Rohtak district. Hip fracture crude incidence above the age of 50 years was 129 per 100,000. The corresponding figures were 105 and 159 per 100,000 among men and women, respectively. Hip fracture incidence was similar in both sexes till age of 55 years. From age of 55 onwards, the rates were significantly higher in women. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first hip fracture incidence study from India. Hip fracture incidence rates in Rohtak district of India are intermediate between those in the industrialised world and Africa and similar to some of Asian countries such as China, Iran and South Korea. This study will help in formulating strategies for prevention of hip fracture in India.