One-stage lengthening for femoral shortening with associated deformity.
Murray DW., Kambouroglou G., Kenwright J.
One-stage femoral lengthening is thought to have an unacceptably high complication rate and is not widely practised. We reviewed 17 patients after one-stage lengthening for femoral shortening with associated angular or rotational deformities. Minimal dissection of the bone ends was undertaken. The mean length gain was 4 cm (2 to 7), and the average time to union was 6 months (3 to 10). There were no neurovascular complications. Four patients had delayed or nonunion, but union was achieved after bone grafting. We conclude that with minimal dissection, and with iliac crest cancellous bone grafting, one-stage leg lengthening for correction of deformity and leg-length inequality of up to 7 cm, in selected patients, can be effected safely with a relatively short rehabilitation.