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: media-1vid110.1542/5828355774001PEDS-VA_2018-1067Video Abstract BACKGROUND: Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is believed to be associated with childhood obesity, although the strength of the association is unknown. METHODS: We performed a cohort study using routine data from health screening examinations at primary school entry (5-6 years old) in Scotland, linked to a nationwide hospital admissions database. A subgroup had a further screening examination at primary school exit (11-12 years old). RESULTS: BMI was available for 597 017 children at 5 to 6 years old in school and 39 468 at 11 to 12 years old. There were 4.26 million child-years at risk for SCFE. Among children with obesity at 5 to 6 years old, 75% remained obese at 11 to 12 years old. There was a strong biological gradient between childhood BMI at 5 to 6 years old and SCFE, with the risk of disease increasing by a factor of 1.7 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.5-1.9) for each integer increase in BMI z score. The risk of SCFE was almost negligible among children with the lowest BMI. Those with severe obesity at 5 to 6 years old had 5.9 times greater risk of SCFE (95% CI 3.9-9.0) compared with those with a normal BMI; those with severe obesity at 11 to 12 years had 17.0 times the risk of SCFE (95% CI 5.9-49.0). CONCLUSIONS: High childhood BMI is strongly associated with SCFE. The magnitude of the association, temporal relationship, and dose response added to the plausible mechanism offer the strongest evidence available to support a causal association.

Original publication

DOI

10.1542/peds.2018-1067

Type

Journal article

Journal

Pediatrics

Publication Date

11/2018

Volume

142

Keywords

Body Mass Index, Child, Child, Preschool, Cohort Studies, Databases, Factual, Female, Humans, Incidence, Male, Mass Screening, Pediatric Obesity, Risk Assessment, Risk Factors, Scotland, Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphyses