Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

INTRODUCTION: Economic crises affect a population's health, particularly among the most deprived. The increase in health inequalities in the latest recession may have influenced the incidence of tuberculosis (TB). We analysed the effect of socio-economic inequities and recession on TB incidence in Barcelona, Spain. METHODS: We conducted a population-based incidence study of TB cases in Barcelona of patients who started treatment between 2003 and 2015. A multilevel interrupted time-series analysis was performed to analyse differences in incidence trends between the pre-recession (until 2008) and recession periods. RESULTS: We found differences in TB incidence according to deprivation and immigration status. TB incidence among the most deprived neighbourhoods was 2.72 times higher than the least deprived neighbourhoods. Compared with native-born persons, incidence was nine times higher among those born in Africa, and six times higher among those born in Asia and Oceania. The previous decreasing trend in incidence (4%) was accentuated during the recession (7%). CONCLUSIONS: TB incidence decreased during the recession, probably due to a reduction in the number of new immigrants and the TB programme. However, incidence was highly unequal between districts with different levels of deprivation, and between foreign-born persons from different geographic regions. Social measures are important to reduce inequalities and TB incidence in Barcelona.

Original publication




Journal article


Int j tuberc lung dis

Publication Date





45 - 51