Perspectives on the Social, Physical, and Emotional Impact of Living With Perthes' Disease in Children and Their Family: A Mixed Methods Study.
Leo DG., Murphy R., Gambling T., Long A., Jones H., Perry DC.
Aim. To determine the social, physical, and emotional impact of living with Perthes' disease on affected children and their family (caregivers). Patients and Methods. Through a mixed methods approach, we interviewed 18 parents and explored the perspectives of 12 children affected by Perthes' disease (mean = 7.1 years, SD = ±4.1 years) using a survey tool. Thematic analysis of parents' interviews provided an insight into disease-specific factors influencing patients and family's daily life activities. Using the childhood survey tool, good and bad day scores were analyzed using MANOVA (multivariate analysis of variance). Results. Thematic analysis of the parent interviews (main themes n = 4) identified a marked effect of the disease on many facets of the child's life, particularly pain and the impact on sleep, play, and school attendance. In addition, the interviews identified a negative effect on the family life of the parents and siblings. Children indicated that activities of daily living were affected even during "good days" (P < .05), but pain was the key limiting factor. Conclusion. Perthes' disease negatively affects the social, physical, and emotional well-being of children and their family. These findings provide outcome domains that are important to measure in day-to-day care and add in-depth insight into the challenges caused by this disease for health care professionals involved in clinical management.