Ten-year clinical and radiographic results of 1000 cementless Oxford unicompartmental knee replacements.
Mohammad HR., Kennedy JA., Mellon SJ., Judge A., Dodd CA., Murray DW.
PURPOSE: Unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) has substantial benefits over total knee replacement (TKR) but has higher revision rates. The cementless Oxford UKR was introduced to address this but there are concerns about fixation and tibial plateau fractures. The first long-term study of the device with clinical and radiographic outcomes is reported. METHODS: The first 1000 medial cementless Oxford UKR were prospectively identified and followed up by independent physiotherapists. Survival was calculated using the endpoints reoperation, revision, revision to TKR, major revision requiring revision TKR components and patient mortality. The Oxford Knee Score (OKS), Tegner Activity Score and American Knee Society Score (AKSS) were recorded and radiographs analysed. RESULTS: The ten year survival was 96.6% (CI 94.8-97.8), 97.5% (CI 95.7-98.5), 98.9% (CI 97.7-99.4) and 99.6% (CI 98.8-99.9) using reoperation, revision, revision to TKR and major revision as the endpoint, respectively. Commonest causes for revision were bearing dislocation (n = 7, 0.7%), disease progression (n = 4, 0.4%) and pain (n = 2, 0.2%). There was one lateral tibial plateau fracture and one femoral component loosening. At 10 years, the mean OKS was 41.2 (SD 9.8), Tegner 2.8 (SD 1.3), AKSS-O 89.1 (SD 13.0) and AKSS-F 80.4 (SD 14.6). There were no pathological radiolucencies or complete radiolucent lines. There were no implant-related deaths. CONCLUSIONS: The cementless Oxford UKR is a safe procedure with excellent long-term clinical results. Our results suggest that reliable fixation was achieved with only one (0.1%) revision for loosening (femoral), no radiographic evidence of loosening in the remaining cases and no fractures related to implantation. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III.